One million new STIs occur everyday

A doctor examines a blood sample for an HIV test at a state-run hospital in Larkana Pakistan. Sexually transmitted infections if left untreated can lead to serious and chronic health effects including an increased risk of HIV

The global scale of sexually transmitted infections (STI) should be a "wake-up call" to governments, United Nations health experts said on Thursday, citing data showing that one in 25 people today have "at least one" curable STI, which occur at a rate of more than one million a day worldwide.

In 2016, the WHO announced its global health sector strategy on sexually transmitted diseases in an effort to scale-up intervention and services to end STIs as public health concerns by 2030, including a 90 percent reduction in gonorrhea and syphilis.

The report, based on 2016 global data - the most recent available - showed 127 million new cases of chlamydia that year, along with 87 million cases of gonorrhea, six million cases of syphilis and 156 million cases of trichomoniasis among men and women aged 15 - 49.

The WHO highlights an absence of growth in stopping the unfold of STIs, and says its figures are a "warning sign".

"There is lack of progress in stopping the spread of STIs worldwide", Dr Peter Salama, the executive director for Universal Health Coverage and the Life-Course at WHO said.

If left untreated, these infections can have serious consequences - such as infertility in men and women, stillbirths, ectopic pregnancy and an increased risk of HIV. "They are also associated with significant levels of stigma and domestic violence", the press release said.

Syphilis alone caused some 200,000 stillbirths and newborn deaths in 2016, making one of the leading cause of baby loss globally, second only to malaria, Taylor said.

"We do not know what the burden of super-gonorrhoea is in low and middle-income countries, but with a broader rise in gonorrhoea cases, we can expect to see drug-resistant forms of the disease become more common all over the world", he said.

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The last collection of numbers by World Health Organization into these STIs was in 2012, and the numbers suggest there has not been a "substantive decline in either the rates of new or existing infections".

But syphilis cure has been made more subtle thanks to an absence in the deliver more or much less penicillin wished, and there has been an amplify in cases of so-known as "enormous-gonorrhoea" which is almost now now not doable to cope with.

STIs are the most common communicable condition and are spread through unprotected sex, childbirth, pregnancy, and contact with blood or blood products.

Rapidly increasing antimicrobial resistance to gonorrhoea treatment is also a growing threat, and may eventually lead to the disease being impossible to treat.

World Health Organization also stressed the importance of comprehensive sexual education and easy access to STI screening as well as treatment.

Trichomoniasis is caused by infection by a parasite during sex.

Syphilis can also be contracted through contact with infected blood or drug injections.

Symptoms include pain during urination, genital swelling and unusual discharge. However, in many cases, people don't experience any symptoms at all, which is why it's important for people to get tested on a regular basis.


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