World Health Organization officially recognizes 'burnout' as a medical condition

Gaming Disorder is officially a disease, according to the World Health Organization

The World Health Organization (WHO) for the first time put burnout on its International Classification of Diseases (ICD) list, which is used globally as a benchmark for health diagnosis. The global organization agreed to include it in the updated handbook during the recently concluded World Health Assembly in Geneva.

According to the World Health Organization, doctors can issue a diagnosis of burnout if a patient exhibits three symptoms: feeling depleted of energy or exhausted; feeling mentally distanced from or cynical about one's job; and problems getting one's job done successfully.

The ICD-11, which is described as the "international standard for reporting diseases and health conditions", will come into effect on January 1, 2022. Written permission must be obtained before reprint in online or print media.

"Gaming disorder" is defined as 'a pattern of gaming behavior characterized by impaired control over gaming, increasing priority given to gaming over other activities to the extent that gaming takes precedence over other interests and daily activities, and continuation or escalation of gaming despite the occurrence of negative consequences'. Additionally, other conditions such as anxiety and mood disorders should be ruled out before burnout is diagnosed.

Despite its now-official classification, some don't agree with WHO's dubbing of gaming as an addiction.

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Professor Alexander Newman from the Deakin Business School said the classification could improve work-life balance for workers and allow sufferers to take sick-leave.

The latest version of the ICD also lists video gaming as an official health condition, listing it as an addiction just like gambling and drugs.

In the page, the World Health Organization says the decision to include Gaming Disorder in ICD-11 came after reviewing "available evidence" reflecting a "consensus of experts from different disciplines and geographical regions".

They should also be alert to changes in their physical or psychological health and social functioning which could be attributed to gaming. The American Psychiatric Association (APA) did not include video game addiction in its most recent edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), published in 2013.



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