HPV vaccine OK'd to age 45. (Do risky behaviors end then?)

FDA OKs HPV Vaccine for Adults Up to Age 45

On Friday, the Food and Drug Administration announced that Gardasil 9, the preventative HPV vaccine, is now approved and available for older adults women and men ages 27 to 45 (previously it was only offered to those ages 26 and younger).

In a large study of approximately 3200 women aged 27 through 45 who were given Gardasil and followed for an average of 3.5 years, the vaccine was 88 percent effective in the prevention of a combined endpoint of persistent infection, genital warts, vulvar and vaginal precancerous lesions, cervical precancerous lesions, and cervical cancer related to HPV types covered by the vaccine.

Each year in the United States imagine about 14 million individuals both men and women get infected by human papillomavirus, as per the Centre for "Disease Control and Prevention". "Gardasil 9 is also indicated in males 9 through [45] years of age for the prevention of anal cancer caused by HPV types 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58; precancerous or dysplastic lesions caused by HPV types 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58; and genital warts caused by HPV types 6 and 11".

HPV strains cause the most common sexually transmitted infections in the world and are responsible for almost all cases of cervical cancer, according to the Academy of Family Physicians.

View the original story on KCCI's website. It no longer is distributed in the United States because a new version of the vaccine, Gardasil 9, covers the same four HPV types and an additional five types.

All told, the vaccine prevents over 90 percent of possible HPV-caused cancers, said Gypsyamber D'Souza, an epidemiologist at the Bloomberg School of Public Health at Johns Hopkins University.

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"Although most studies have shown a general link between HPV and HIV co-infection, our findings illustrate the strong relationship between individual HPV types and HIV infection", said Brandon Brown, an HIV researcher and associate professor in the UCR School of Medicine and the lead author of the study.

No screening is recommended for women who have had a hysterectomy (uterus removed) and do not have a cervix. The vaccine guards against the most common sexually transmitted HPV infections. "It doesn't sound like there's medical evidence for the vaccine's effectiveness in an older population, but I think a person's risk factors for HPV are as important as age".

But does the new age approval mean that adults who never got the HPV vaccine should get one now?

The condition received much media attention in 2013 after actor Michael Douglas blamed his diagnosis of throat cancer on HPV and oral sex.

Gardasil 9's safety was evaluated in about 13,000 males and females.

Younger people need two shots, but the older ones will need three, spaced a few months apart.

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