Healthy Diet Promotes Weight Loss Rather the Genetics of Person

Low-Carb V  S Low Fat Diet Scientists Don't Find Much Difference In Terms Of Impact

"The fact that the diets led to similar weight loss confirms earlier research that suggested that it doesn't much matter what diet you follow (low fat, low carb, etc.) - they all work".

The participants followed either a healthy low-fat (305 participants) diet or a healthy low-carbohydrate (304 participants) diet. This trial had the participants visit a dietitian every two weeks and they had twelve random, unannounced "dietary recalls" to keep them in line.

Scientists studied the effects low fat versus and low carbohydrate diet over one year in overweight and obese individuals. They then took those results and analyzed whether there was any connection to a person's genotype pattern.

Soft drinks, fruit juice, muffins, white rice and white bread are technically low in fat, for example, but the low-fat group was told to avoid those things and eat foods like brown rice, barley, steel-cut oats, lentils, lean meats, low-fat dairy products, quinoa, fresh fruit and legumes.

"Some previous studies that have damned carbohydrates have not taken note of the foods that supplied it". Go for whole foods, whether that is a wheatberry salad or grass-fed beef.

Both groups had their genotype mapped to account for traits that could potentially play a role in weight loss.

In a study that was welcomed by diet and nutrition experts, researchers enrolled 609 overweight adults in a randomised clinical trial from January 2013 through April 2015, with follow-up through May 2016.

Some individuals lost far more - up to 60 pounds, while some gained 20. "And those low-carb chips - don't buy them, because they're still chips and that's gaming the system'". In general, people in the study lost weight.

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Results showed that HLF diet could help reduce an average of 5.3 Kg while HLC diet could help reduce around 6 kg over the 12 month period.

High-profile nutritionist Dr Rosemary Stanton said this was an "excellent" study. "Also, we advised them to diet in a way that didn't make them feel hungry or deprived-otherwise it's hard to maintain the diet in the long run", said in a post on the university's website.

"We eat to fill our stomach, and if that's with vegetables we tend to lose weight, whereas if it's with chocolate or French fries, flushed down with a soda, we gain weight", said Veerman.

"On both sides, we heard from people who had lost the most weight that we had helped them change their relationship to food, and that now they were more thoughtful about how they ate", Gardner noted. Blood cholesterol including LDL cholesterol was significantly lowered in the HLF diet but triglycerides were lowered in both groups. Surprisingly, they did not, Gardner said, which was somewhat disappointing.

The authors concluded that in the context of these two common approaches to weight loss, neither of the two hypothesised predisposing factors was helpful in identifying which diet was best for which patient. Previous studies have also claimed the overweight people are more likely to have risk of Type-2 diabetes. So can we find any data here for athletes looking to lose weight while minimizing any effects on their performance?

Gardner said it is not that calories do not matter.

Both groups reduced their daily calorie intake by an average of about 500 calories. "We really need to focus on that foundational diet, which is more vegetables, more whole foods, less added sugar and less refined grains".

"What this study demonstrates is that you can eat healthy low-carb and low-fat [foods], and when you do, it works", said Robert Lustig, emeritus professor of pediatrics at UCSF, who was not involved with the study.

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