Georgian Excavation Site Holds the First Evidence of Wine Production

'World's oldest wine' found in 8000-year-old jars in Georgia

Whilst what little remaining liquid has certainly evaporated from the earthenware jars, researchers were still able to identify residual wine compounds that originated from two sites south of the Georgian capital of Tbilisi from around 5,980 BC.

A team of Gadachrili Gora Regional Archaeological Project Expedition (GRAPE), a joint undertaking between the University of Toronto and the Georgian National Museum found pottery fragments of ceramic jars at two early Ceramic Neolithic sites (6000-4500 BC) called Gadachrili Gora and Shulaveris Gora, almost 50 kilometres south of the modern capital of Tbilisi.

Researchers were excited to make such a discovery. The jars were found in the Neolithic villages of Gadachrili Gora and Shulaveris Gora, the oldest among them dating back to about 5980 B.C.

The earliest previously known chemical evidence of wine dated to 5400-5000 BC and was from an area in the Zagros Mountains of Iran. These decorations, the researchers hypothesize, represent grapes.

Several excavations performed in the country of Georgia in South Caucasus revealed that humans made wine a lot earlier than it was initially assumed.

"The Eurasian grapevine that now accounts for 99.9 percent of wine made in the world today, has its roots in Caucasia".

As innovative as this early viticulture was, though, it wasn't the first time ancient humans mashed grapes into a fermented liquid and chose to drink it.

Redskins receiver Jamison Crowder returning from injury against Vikings
Diggs said he wanted to pay homage to service members, but the Vikings were penalized 15 yards for unsportsmanlike conduct. Next week, a very tough Los Angeles Rams team comes to town and will battle the Purple in a battle of divisional leaders.

Delhi: Man arrested for opening fire near Rohini Court complex
It is also being probed how the man managed to sneak into the court premises with the weapon, the DCP said. Vinod was taken to Baba Saheb Ambedkar Hospital where he was declared brought dead, said the officer.

New 'Justice League' Concept Art Features Batman, Flash, & Cyborg
While this may be the third time this has happened, I wouldn't be surprised if we got yet another conflicting response later on. Simmons as Commissioner Gordon, Ciarán Hinds as Steppenwolf, and Amber Heard as Mera.

Telltale chemical signs of wine were discovered in eight jars, the oldest one dating from about 5,980 BC.

But this heady drop wasn't the wine we know and love today, and incorporated hawthorn fruit, rice, and honey mead, in addition to grapes.

Large jars called qvevri, similar to the ancient ones, are still used for wine-making in Georgia, said David Lordkipanidze, director of the Georgian National Museum who helped lead the research.

The study was largely financed by the National Wine Agency of Georgia.

Some of these jars were pretty big - a comparable jar uncovered in a nearby site holds 300 litres (79 gallons), which could have held the contents of 400 wine bottles today.

In 2011, a wine press and some fermentation jars from around 6,000 years ago were found in a cave in Armenia, proving that wine-making is an ancient process. "There's far greater sophistication even in the transitional Neolithic than we had any clue about".

The latest finds were published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).

Related:

Comments

Latest news

Saif Ali Khan gifts Taimur a swanky Jeep worth Rs 1.30 crore
His daughter Sara Ali Khan is all ready for her Bollywood debut in Abhishek Kapoor's Kedarnath opposite Sushant Singh Rajput. Of how he plans to make Children's Day celebration special for his kids, Saif said: "I think every day is Children's Day".

Conor McGregor pulled from UFC 219: Agent issues strong denial
In an interview with Dash Radio, De La Hoya even claimed that he could knockout McGregor within two rounds. De La Hoya, on the other hand, has been involved in some of the most lucrative fights of the century.

It pays to flip off Trump's motorcade
A GoFundMe account set up on behalf of Juli Briskman has raked in over $70,000 in donations since it was activated a week ago. She added: "Only one third of Puerto Rico has power". "They said, "We're separating from you, '" she recalled to HuffPost ".

AWS Sells Chinese Cloud Assets Amid Tightening Regulations
Oracle, Microsoft and IBM also face hard new regulatory challenging for localizing their own data storage units. To comply with Chinese legislation, however, Amazon sold certain physical infrastructure to its local partner.

Doctor shot and killed outside Cleveland-area hospital
George Seese was leaving the Affinity Medical Center on Monday afternoon when a gunman approached him in the parking lot. Police also say the doctor is affiliated with Affinity Medical Center, but his practice is in Perry Township.

Yemen rebels say raid destroyed Sanaa airport navigation aids
However, the port of Hodeidah on the western coast, where almost 80 percent of Yemen's food imports have gone through, is still closed.

Boy, 8, in critical condition after being left in auto
It is unclear how the boy became trapped inside the auto , but police do not believe the circumstances to be suspicious. Bill El-Hawli, who has lived on Maddox Road for 35 years, found out about it while watching the evening news.

Tom Hanks's cameo on 'Last Week Tonight' that you probably missed
Hanks says with grave intensity in the fake trailer. "I know we can count on you, but I'm afraid this isn't a one-man job". After mocking the president's liking of Fox and Friends , Oliver said his show was going to be busy on its hiatus.

Three properties of Dawood Ibrahim auctioned in Mumbai
In the advertisement, the government listed five properties, of which two belong to the underworld don. Dawood purchased it when he took over Mastan's smuggling empire and renamed it Hotel Delhi Zaika.

Apple approves app to fix annoying display feature of new iPhone X
Customers who have picked up the latest model have also argued that the notch isn't actually that noticeable once you're using it. While it may be a Godsend for some, the app doesn't really remove the notch.

Conservatives Try to Sneak 'Religious Freedom' Into Australia's Marriage Bill
Australia has edged closer to legalising same-sex marriage with a diverse group of cross-party senators backing a Liberal senator's bill to change the law.

Union Applauds Move to Help College Students
The Labour Board announced that it's set to hold a faculty vote on the employer offer-a vote the OPSEU isn't on board with. If the offer is accepted, about 500,000 students could be back in the classroom as early as next Tuesday.

Rosogolla belongs to Bengal; state defeats Odisha
Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee too congratulated statemen on the news, calling it a happy and proud moment. In 2015, a war broke between Bengal and Odisha over the origins of rosogolla.

Crude Oil Steady As OPEC Sees Strong Demand
The exporters reached the deal last December and have already extended the agreement through March 2018. The group is expected to agree an extension of the cuts beyond their current expiry date in March 2018.

Soldier, militant killed in an encounter in South Kashmir's Kulgam district
Jammu and Kashmir's Kulgam area where an encounter between security forces and militants is underway. This comes a day after two unidentified militants were gunned down by security forces in Handwara.

Other news